01/13/13

Insects and other foods the trout
should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little BWOs)
2.    Midges
3.    Little Winter Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
4.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)



This Week's Featured Trout Food - Winter Stoneflies - Part 2
Copyright 2013 James Marsh
New Schedule of Daily Articles
Mondays: Weather and Stream Conditions
Forecast - Coming Week
Tuesdays: Fly Fishing Strategies - Which
Flies To Use - Coming Week
Wednesday: Fishing Tales
Thursday: Smoky Mountains Fishing Report
Friday: Getting Started
Saturday: Fly Fishing School
Sunday: This Week's Featured Trout Food
Yesterday, was the first time in a long time that I can remember catching trout on the surface on our imitation
of the adult Winter Stonefly. I spotted several hook size 16 and 18 adults on the rocks, road and bushes. As
best I could determine, the different sizes were not different species, rather the male and female genders.
The were mostly a very dark brown, almost black color. The bottom of our imitation is black foam but the
wings are made of dark brown raffia. The water was unseasonably warm and even though I didn't see any
trout feeding on the surface, I tied on an imitation of the adult and managed to catch two rainbows in about
15 minutes of time. I called it quits on that and went home. I had strict instructions from Angie not to wade
without I was with someone. I knew she would see the wet waders and I wouldn't get by with it, so I hop
skipped around the clear areas along the banks.

I had spent the past couple of hours walking the banks near the turn to Elkmont on Little River fishing a
Winter Stonefly nymph. I didn't see any stoneflies crawling out of the water, probably because it was too
early in the day for that. I did catch one nice brown about 12 inches long and one small rainbow on the
nymph but all in all, it was a slow go.

Sometimes when these stoneflies hatch the trout will not rise to the surface to eat the adults. The reason for
this is often when the adults are depositing their eggs the water is too cold for the trout to feed on the
surface. If the water temperature is less than 45 degrees F., they probably won't feed on the surface at all.
Usually when the little Winter Stoneflies are hatching it is that cold and often even colder. If the water warms
up some and the stoneflies hatch, then the trout usually feed on the egg layers on the surface.

If you are fishing during the winter, you should always keep this in mind and you should always be prepared
to fish the egg laying stage of the hatch. Just because you see the adults doesn't necessarily mean they will
be laying eggs. These stoneflies can live for a few days and they don't begin to lay their eggs until a certain
amount of time passes. When the females do deposit their eggs, they die.

You should normally fish the dry fly adult only when you observe the stoneflies depositing their eggs on the
surface of the water; however, I violated that rule of thumb yesterday, and was successful. Egg laying
usually occurs during the afternoons. It doesn't always occur in riffles. These little stoneflies often deposit
their eggs in slow moving water near the ends of the pools. It depends on the particular species of
Capniidae.

Just keep your eye out for them to deposit their eggs on the days you find them crawling around on the
banks and rocks. If they have hatched, they are going to lay their eggs within a few days at the most and if
the water isn't too cold, they will usually eat the dry fly adult imitation..