12/07/12

Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little and baetis BWOs)
2.    Little Yellow Quills
3.    Needle Stoneflies
4.    Midges

Most available/ Other types of food:
5.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
6.    Craneflies (larvae)


























Fly Fishing DVD - Part 17
The feeding habitats and habitat of the brown trout is quite different from that of the rainbow, cutthroat or
brook trout. Like the other three programs in the series, Small Stream Brown Trout was shot from coast to
coast on many different streams. When it comes to the brown trout, we found that they vary the greatest from
stream to stream.

Brown trout are not native to the United States. They originated in Europe and Asia. It's the only major
species of trout found in the United States that isn't native to the United States.

With the exception of limestone Spring Creeks, most very large brown trout are found in larger size rivers and
streams where they rely on other fish for most of their food. Small streams are not consistent in this respect.
They have varying sizes of brown trout populations depending on the type of food present in the streams. Let
me explain.

The size of the brown trout also varies greatly depending on the average year-round water temperature of
the stream. Small Southern trout streams provide a much longer growing season that those in the upper
eastern and New England area, and those found in the northern Cascades or Rocky Mountains. Our Great
Smoky Mountains provides a perfect example of how the size of brown trout varies in small freestone
streams. You will find some very large browns in the small streams of the Smokies because the water
temperature averages warmer throughout the year than it does in most of the other streams in the country. It
also varies because there are plenty of non-aquatic insect foods available for them to eat in the streams. In
the Smokies as well as some southwestern small trout streams, when the brown trout reach about twelve
inches long they begin to rely mostly on minnows, baitfish, and small crayfish for food.

As opposed to that, Colorado's Arkansas River (just for example) a small stream of about the same size as
the lower elevation streams of the Smokies have a higher population of brown trout, but because it's at a
much higher elevation than the streams in the Smokies the fish average a smaller size. The Arkansas River
begins at around 10,000 feet elevation as opposed to the streams in the Smokies that begin at less than half
that elevation. This keeps the water temperature much colder. With the exception of its large tailwaters in the
lower elevations, the Arkansas River provides a much shorter growing time for its population of brown trout.

You will find some facts along this line as well as many other subjects that's covered in our Small Stream
Brown Trout program. The methods, techniques and strategies used to catch brown trout not only varies
from that of the other species of trout, it varies greatly from stream to stream.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh