08/01/12

Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    BWOs (Little)
2.    Cream Cahills
3.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Little Summer Stones)
4.    Slate Drakes
5.    Little Green Stoneflies
6.    Mahogany Duns

Most available/ Other types of food:
7.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
8.    Inch Worm (moth larva)
9.    Beetles
10.  Grasshoppers
11.  Ants

I Don't Think Most Of Us Smoky Mountain Trout Bums Know Just How
Good We Have It

There's always reason for concern when the stream levels get low during the summer months. This
is especially true during the so called, Dog Days of Summer, which usually refers to August. Low
stream levels mean less water, of course, and the temperature of a smaller volume of water will
change faster than a large volume. The warmer the water, the less dissolved oxygen there is for
the trout. The water temperature and the dissolved oxygen content is inversely proportional. In
freestone streams, the lower water levels also means slower moving water and that results in less
aeration and less dissolved oxygen. In marginal situations, the trout can become lethargic. This is
especially true of the rainbow trout which cannot tolerate high water temperatures and low oxygen
levels quite as well as the brown trout.

Last night, Mother Nature lessened our reasons for concern regarding this. According to the
precipitation map, most of the park received an average of about an inch of rain. Some areas were
almost twice that and some not quite that much, but from looking at the Oconaluftee, Cataloochee
and Little River USGS data (three of the streams that exit the park), it is reasonable to assume
most all of them are in much better shape for the approaching Dog Days of Summer.

As of today, fishing is closed on the Madison River inside Yellowstone National Park as well as the
lower section of the Gibbon (below the Falls) and the Firehole River below Old Faithful. That
written, Yellowstone National Park is in as good of shape as most any of the blue ribbon western
trout fishing destinations. It isn't unusual for those areas of Yellowstone Park to have warm water.
The air temperature is only part of the reason. Geysers along the Firehole River add to the
problem considerably. The only thing I noticed as a little strange about the closing is the fact the
meadows above the Firehole River confluence with the Gibbons (beginning of the Madison River)
up to the Gibbon Falls is also closed. That indicated that even at elevations of well over 6000 feet,
the air temperature is also a problem.

I won't go into the water temperature problems for trout streams in all the other areas of the nation.
In general, they are most all in much worse shape. I'm pointing this out for one reason.-
to imply
that the streams and the trout that live in them in Great Smoky Mountains National Park
are doing great.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh