06/02/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Light Cahills
5.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
6.    Sulphurs
7.    Slate Drakes
8.    Golden Stoneflies
9.    Little Green Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of food:
10.  Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
11.  Inch Worm (moth larva)
12.  Beetles
13.  Grasshoppers

KISS A Bug Series - Little Green Stoneflies
Nymph

Like most other stoneflies, when the Little Green Stoneflies begin to show up on the streams
of the Smokies, they deceive the anglers that are not aware of how they emerge and deposit
their eggs. Anglers see them flying around over the water, in the trees and bushes along the
stream, crawling around on the boulders and rocks and grab their fly box and tie on the
closest thing they have to match them. Here's the problem with that.

Unlike mayflies, stoneflies can and usually do live for a few days. They mate fairly soon after
they hatch and the females hang around until their eggs are ready to be deposited. That can
be a few days. Although you may be seeing plenty of stoneflies, that doesn't mean the trout
are eating them. There's only two opportunities for them to do that. The first is when the
nymphs come out from under their normal hiding places beneath the rocks on the bottom of
the stream and crawl across the bottom to the banks or boulders that protrude out of the
water to shed their nymphal skins and emerge into adults. The only other opportunity the
trout have to eat them is when the females are depositing their eggs on the surface of the
water. As soon as that's finished, they die.

Like other stoneflies, when they crawl out of the water to hatch, the “Little Green Stoneflies”
tend to seek the slower moving, calm water that's in close proximity to their normal fast water
habitat. It's rare you will find their shucks on banks where the water is swift against the bank
or on boulders protruding out of the fast water. Imitations of the nymphs will always be very
effective just before and during the hatch - the time they are emerging..

You will notice that the Golden stoneflies start to hatch about the same time in many streams
in the Smokies. Also, a few species of the Little Yellow Stoneflies, including the Yellow Sally,
may hatch during the same time period that the Little Green Stoneflies hatch. I think that's
one reason little attention is paid to the Little Green Stoneflies. The other big reason for this
is that some of the species are confused by anglers as Little Yellow Stoneflies, or Yellow
Sallies. Some of the adults appear more yellow than they do green but they are
Chloroperlidae species. This is one case where lack of knowledge about the stoneflies
doesn't hurt very much. They Little Yellows and the Little Greens, although from two different
families that have nothing to do with color, behave very much alike.

Here's something else not so commonly known. The Little Green Stonefly nymphs are not
green, they are a light brown color. As with most all other stonefly nymphs, you should
imitate the nymphs migrating from their normal fast water habitat to the banks and large
boulders where they crawl out of the water to hatch. Remember, this will be slower to
moderate areas of water near fast water.

When you are imitating the nymphs, the main thing to remember is to keep the fly on or very
near the bottom. The Little Yellow stonefly nymphs crawl on the bottom. They cannot swim.

I would not use a strike indicator. You cannot keep the nymph on the bottom using an
indicator unless the bottom is a constant level and that's almost never the case in the fast
water streams of the Smokies.

Weight the Perfect Fly Little Green Stonefly nymph fly down by placing split shot a few inches
above the fly. If you are wading, allow the fly to swing all the way to the banks in the areas
you would expect the nymphs to crawl out to hatch.

If your fishing from the bank and have a clear enough area in which to do that, make certain
you don't spook the trout looking for the nymphs up close to the banks. Stay well back from
the banks. If you first fish an area up close to the bank, you can then move up to the bank
and fish downstream from that point. Make a down and across presentation, mend the line a
time or two and allow the fly to swing all the way back to the bank keeping the fly near the
bottom. You can then move downstream a couple of steps and repeat the process.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
..........New! click to see the...............
.....2012 Troutfest Journal article:
"Smoky Mountain Trout Flies"