Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
1. Little BWOs
2. Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3. Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4. Light Cahills
5. Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
7. Slate Drakes
8. Golden Stoneflies
9. Little Green Stoneflies
Most available/ Other types of food:
10. Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)
11. Inch Worm (moth larva)
KISS A Bug Series - Little Green Stoneflies
Of the nine families of stoneflies that exist in trout streams, the Little Green Stoneflies, or
members of the Chloroperlidae family, can be the most confusing. That's because at first
glance, many species of this family are difficult to distinguish from the “Little Yellow”
stoneflies. Contrary to what the common name of the family implies, some species of the
Little Green Stoneflies are closer to yellow in color than green. Some are chartreuse, which
is a mixture of green and yellow. Many are green as a gourd. By the way, I wrote "gourd"
before I thought much about it. Although I've head that all my life, I started to wonder if
gourds are even green. In checking this out, Google brought up the American Gourd Society
and pictures of gourds that all look tan or brown. What's the bottom line to this? Gourds are
just as confusing by color as Little Green Stoneflies, I'm off subject, and this has absolutely
nothing to do with fly fishing for trout.
The nymphs of the Chloroperlidae family of stoneflies live for a year. Trout eat the nymphs
just about all year (after hatching from an egg) as well as the egg laying females. These are
relatively small to medium size stoneflies that emerge mostly in late Spring and Summer.
What makes these stoneflies important to anglers is there are several species of them and
that hatch over a relatively long period of time. The emergence period can last anywhere
from thirty to sixty days..
Although you shouldn't expect any super hatches of the Little Green Stoneflies, meaning
hatches that the egg layers blanket the water of the streams of the Smokies, when they
hatch, it doesn't take by a few to get the trout's attention. Their nymphs are easy for the trout
to catch when they leave their normal homes beneath the rocks to crawl out of the water to
hatch. The egg laying females are easy for the trout to catch when they deposit their eggs
on the surface of the water.
The adults vary from a very bright green to a yellow-chartreuse color. All of them have short
tails. Like most other stoneflies, cold mountain streams provide an excellent habitat for the
Little Green Stoneflies.
In the Smokies, where there are lots of Little Yellow and Little Green Stoneflies, the
haploperla brevis, a LIttle Green Stonefly (Chloroperlidae family), is often called a
Little Yellow Stonefly, Yellow Sally, and sometimes, the “Wee Yellow” Stonefly”. I mention it
separately because it's often confused with the Little Yellows. It's a small yellow-green
winged fly with a green body.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh