05/30/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    American March Browns
6.    Giant Stoneflies
7.    Light Cahills
8.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
9.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
10.  Sulphurs
11.  Slate Drakes
12.  Golden Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of available food:
13.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Fly Fishing Strategies - What Fly To Use - Part 45
So far, It has rained a tiny bit in most of the park and there's been a slight rise to the streams
but only a very slight rise. I think it's about over until Thursday and Friday. Today will be
sunny and in the high eighties. They show a  40% chance of rain for Thursday, increasing
that night to 50% with a 60% chance for Friday. It will be a little cooler with highs in the
seventies.

The rain, if there is much rain, will stop by the weekend but the temperatures will remain cool.
In other words, unless by chance we get extremely heavy rain, the weather and water should
be in excellent shape all week and on through the weekend.

Strategies:
There's not going to be any major changes in this coming weeks strategies from the last two
weeks other than the temperatures will be a little cooler. There are Slate Drakes beginning to
hatch. There are Golden Stoneflies showing up in the fast water sections of some streams.
The Little Green Stoneflies should start showing up but I haven't seen any yet. There has
been a decline in the numbers of Little Yellow Stoneflies (Sallies) hatching. There are still
plenty of adults around to lay eggs. I think the March Browns are about finished for the year.

Start out in the mornings fishing a nymph or larva imitation and change to an emerger/pupa,
or a dun/adult dry fly pattern if and when you spot something hatching. Most hatches should
start taking place around 1:00 to 4:00 PM and again, the hatches will depend greatly on the
elevation of the stream your fishing. Keep in mind this doesn't include the Slate Drakes,
Golden Stoneflies and Little Yellow Stoneflies. They start hatching (crawling out of the water)
very late in the day.

When the other hatches subside (non Slate Drakes and Stoneflies) switch back to the
morning pattern. Again, even though the trout will continue to fall for a few dry flies, I'm
advising what to do based on your highest odds of success, not necessarily your highest
odds of fun.

From about 6:00 PM to as late as you can legally fish, watch closely for stonefly egg laying
activity and both mayfly egg laying and spinner falls. Fishing the spinner falls can result in
the fastest action and the most fish caught in a short time span but you will have to keep
checking for them well above the streams late in the day. Otherwise, you probably won't
even be aware they fall. It will mostly consist of Light Cahills.

By fishing a nymph or dry fly,
I don't mean just any nymph or any dry fly. I am referring
to nymphs and dry flies that specifically match the insects that I list below.
This will
increase your odds of success over the "match anything" generic and attractor type of flies
that usually only produce mediocre success.

There's still some fairly good odds of having some size 20 (and even smaller) Blue-winged
Olive hatches; however, with the other hatches going on, I wouldn't pay any attention to them
unless they were sizeable hatches.

As just mentioned, Little Yellow Stonefly is still around but the hatches have slowed down.
The larger Golden Stonefly is hatching but not near as plentiful. If you happen to be at the
right place at the right time of day (late afternoons) you will likely see them this coming week.
Remember, they start to hatch (crawl out of the water) very late in the day and deposit their
eggs late in the day. Fish the nymph imitation starting around 5 PM and switch to an adult
only when you see egg laying activity which is usually late in the day.

The Green Sedges (caddisflies) have started to hatch. An imitation of the Green Rock Worm
(larva) of this caddisfly is a good fly to use just about anytime and especially just prior to a
hatch.

Light Cahills are hatching from the fast water areas of the streams in the middle and higher
elevations. Imitations of
this mayfly can be very productive during a hatch. They should
be the top priority until very late in the day but I'm suggesting it only when you find them
hatching and the odds of that are still good.

It's also possible you will still see some Eastern Pale Evening Duns and Sulphurs (both
locally called Sulphurs). Both of these mayflies can hatch in good quantities but only in very
isolated sections of the mid to large size streams.

Which nymph/larva imitation to fish?
If you know for a fact any of the above insects hatched within the previous day or two of the
particular time you are fishing, fish the nymph or larva fly that imitates that particular species
during the mornings and continue to do so until you see it or another insect hatching.

Which Fly to use During Hatches?
If you happen to find any Eastern Pale Evening Duns or Sulphurs hatching, by all means fish
an imitation of the emerging dun, or the dun, in priority to any of the other insects. That's not
very likely though. Next in priority would be the Light Cahills. The odds are they will be the
top priority because the PEDs and Sulphurs are not likely. Next in priority are the Green
Sedges. If they are hatching, fish an imitation of the pupa.

Which Fly to use Late In The Day:
Late in the day, depending on which of the hatches listed above you may happen to have
found, watch for the spinner fall and/or egg laying activity as applicable. By all means, if you
see a spinner fall, fish it. Light Cahills will likely fall. If you do find any EPEDs or Sulphurs,
their spinners will fall. If there isn't any spinner falls occurring, but some caddis egg laying
activity is taking place, fish the adult pattern of that caddisfly.

Up until you see a spinner fall or heavy egg laying activity from caddisflies,
fish an imitation
of the Golden Stonefly nymph.
They will start crawling across the bottom to the banks to
hatch late in the day. They crawl out to hatch after sunset. Do this until you begin to see any
depositing their eggs and then switch to the adult imitation.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
..........New! click to see the...............
.....2012 Troutfest Journal article:
"Smoky Mountain Trout Flies"