05/19/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    American March Browns
6.    Giant Stoneflies
7.    Light Cahills
8.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
9.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
10.  Sulphurs
11.  Slate Drakes
12.  Golden Stoneflies

Most available/ Other types of available food:
13.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)


KISS A Bug Series - Golden Stoneflies
Nymphs

Golden Stonefly nymphs are plentiful in the streams of the Smokies. What's probably strange
to many anglers is these large stoneflies can be found in very small streams. They are more
prone to be in the small streams at the middle to lower elevations than the high elevations
but we have found plenty of them in streams you can almost just across.

These are predators and by that I mean they crawl around on the bottom of the stream
searching for food which consist mainly of other small insects. Most of the time, this takes
place during the evenings when fishing is off limits. I mention that to point out that unless
there's a hatch going on,
and they are right now, these stoneflies are mostly safe from
trout. Your highest odds of catching trout on a Golden Stonefly imitation of the nymph is
during a hatch.

Like most all stonefly nymphs, they crawl out of the water to hatch. They usually crawl out on
the banks but it can be a large rock protruding out of the water, or even a limb or log. Prior
to doing that, they move from the fast water riffles and runs to slower, shallower water in
pockets along the banks to crawl out. This means the trout have a perfect opportunity to eat
them when they are migrating to the banks. They tend to feed on them along the banks
when the hatch starts probably because that is the easiest place to intercept them. This
means you need to fish close in along the banks and be careful not to spook trout feeding
on the nymphs in the shallow water.

It is best in most cases to fish the stonefly nymphs in the runs and riffles using the "high
sticking" method, but swinging the fly to the bank. The nymphs will migrate to the shoreline to
crawl out of the water starting in the afternoons. I wouldn't start fishing the nymph imitation
any earlier than mid-afternoon. You want to simulate the migrating behavior with the Perfect
Fly Golden Stonefly nymph.

To do that from the banks, cast the fly out into the runs and riffles and bring it back all the
way to the bank. You should stay away from the banks to cast when it is possible to do so to
prevent spooking shallow feeding trout along the banks. If the trees prevent this and you are
wading, I suggest you use a down and across presentation allowing the fly to swing from the
runs and riffles all the way to the bank. You accomplish this by making a reach cast,
reaching out towards the center of the stream, and then slowly swinging the fly across to the
opposite side all the way to the bank.

You will need to add a lot of weight to the fly to keep in on the bottom. If your fly stays in the
very fast water and there is no moderate to slow moving water near the banks, then you are
fishing in the wrong type of place. You want to select areas where there is at least a small
area of moderate to slow moving water along the bank and fast moving runs and riffles out in
the stream. The fly should stay on the bottom, not mid-depth or near the surface
Copyright 2012 James Marsh