05/11/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    American March Browns
6.    Giant Stoneflies
7.    Light Cahills
8.    Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
9.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
10.  Sulphurs

Most available/ Other types of available food:
11.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Update On The Fishing Conditions
The conditions for fly fishing in Great Smoky Mountains National Park remain excellent and
should continue to be good through the weekend. Water levels are perfect. The abnormally
warm weather has ended, for the time being anyway, and the weather has returned to what
is normal for this time of the year.

We will probably get some rain starting Saturday night and lasting off and on through
Monday. Looks like they are predicting a total of about an inch of rain for Sunday and
Sunday night in the Gatlinburg and Cherokee areas. This will mostly come from
thunderstorms which means the predictions could be off either way and vary depending
exactly where you are fishing, so some caution should be used the potential downpours and
possible lightning. As long as the rainfall amounts aren't excessive, the rain should help keep
the stream levels in good shape.

If you follow the strategies we outlined on Tuesday of this week, you should have a very
successful trip

KISS A Bug Series - Green Sedge
Pupa

The Green Sedges hatch from early spring until mid-summer and then again in the early
Fall. There are several different species of these free-living caddisflies and the timely of the
hatches depends on the particular species. We have found them hatching in the early fall
but not in any large concentration or quantity. When a major hatch of any one species starts,
it seems to last about ten days to two weeks in any one locations but overall seems to last for
about a month. It depends on the elevation. There's little difference in the species, so little,
it's difficult to tell one from the other without a magnifying glass.

The pupae of the Green Sedges swim to surface when emerging. In the Spring, this usually
occurs during the late afternoon hours. In the summer, the emergence takes place in the
evenings.

Presentation:
The pupae normally change into adults and depart the water near the ends of the riffles and
runs. The cooler the water is, the longer they drift to emerge. In warm water (low 60's) they
depart the water quite fast.

Imitations of the pupae may be presented on the bottom of the riffles and runs during the
early part of a hatch. Weight the fly by adding some split-shot a few inches above the fly and
allow it to sink near the bottom. Bring the fly back to the surface on the swing. The idea is to
imitate the pupae rising from the bottom to the surface of the water to hatch.

The best procedure is to make a down and across presentation. Allow the fly to swing all the
way around to directly downstream of your position, following it with the tip of the fly rod. At
near the end of the drift, just by stopping the movement of the rod tip, the fly will accent back
to the surface due to the current. That's normally where the trout will eat the emerging adult.  

Whether you fish in an upstream or a downstream direction, make sure you allow the fly to
rise back to the surface.

You may also try our "Perfect Fly" imitation of the pupa presented without added weight just
under the surface using a dead drift. Trial and error should tell you which method works
best. It greatly depends on the water you are fishing. Most of the time, the trout will take the
pupa imitation near or just under the surface.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
Perfect Fly Green Sedge Pupa