05/03/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Blue-winged Olives and Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
6.    Hendricksons & Red Quills
7.    American March Browns
8.    Giant Stoneflies
9.    Light Cahills
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)
11.  Eastern Pale Evening Duns
12.  Sulphurs

Most available/ Other types of available food:
13.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

KISS A Bug Series - Little Yellow Stoneflies - Part 2
Nymphs

Like all stoneflies (with rare exceptions), the Little Yellow Stoneflies crawl out of the water to
hatch. The nymphs are much more susceptible to being eaten by trout when they migrate from
their normal locations down in between and under rocks on the streambed to the banks to
hatch.

When there is no hatch taking places, the stoneflies are basically safe from the trout. It's not
unusual for one to become dislodged and subject to being eaten. They don't show up that
regular in drift samples; however, and I doubt it is a frequent occasion. Behavioral drifts, which
usually occur under low light conditions or during the night, don't have substantial numbers of
stonefly nymphs.

There are so many different species of stoneflies including the Little Yellow species, there's a
hatch occurring more often than you would think. As mentioned in yesterday's article, we show
Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sallies) on the Smoky Mountain hatch charts hatching from May
1 through July 15th and then again from September 1 through October 15th. The bottom line
to this is that your odds of success are good if your are fishing stonefly nymph imitations most
any time. Trout eat them whether they are hatching or not. Of all the Little Yellow species, the
Yellow Sallies provide the best opportunity for anglers. They often deposit their eggs during
the daytime,

All of the species of these stoneflies live in fast water. They must have fast flowing, clean water
to survive. Prior to the hatch, the Little Yellow Stoneflies will move along the bottom from their
fast water habitat to the banks to hatch. Some of them crawl up on boulders or large rocks that
protrude out of the water to hatch but the majority use the banks. Just as soon as they get out
of water, they shed their nymphal shucks and fly away. The best chance the trout have to eat
them is during this migration prior to the hatch.  Often, the trout will actually intercept them
along the banks.

Most of the Yellow Sallies, or species of the
Isoperia genus, hatch in the late Spring and early
Summer. The nymphs will crawl to the banks in the afternoons if it is heavily overcast. The
later in the day, the better the fast action but you can take trout imitating the migrating nymph
anytime during the afternoon is a hatch is in progress.

If you walk up to the bank and cast, or if you walk up to the bank and wade into the water, you
may have spooked the trout you are trying to catch. Where the trees and bushes allow, you
should first cast to the banks from a short distance away from the banks. Bring the nymph on
the bottom all the way back to the bank. Remember, the trout do not have to see you to spook.
If you are not careful, they can hear you walking on the bank close to the water through their
lateral line.

Ease up to the stream as quietly as possible without kicking rocks, etc. When you do get in the
water, wade away from the bank about a rods length and fish the nymph down and across
allowing the nymph to swing back to the bank. This will work much better than a up stream
cast. Continue to move downstream a foot or two each cast covering all of water along the
bank. If you cast out a few feet, say ten or fifteen feet using a reach cast that ends with your
rod pointing towards mid-stream, you can slowly swing the rod back in the opposite direction
pointing it towards the bank. This will swing the fly from several feet out in the stream all the
way to the bank. In other words you can cover approximately twenty to thirty feet of water each
cast. Of course, this changes with the particular stream and stream composition.

If there's a run near the bank, you may only need to swing the fly a few feet. You will need to
make longer cast than you are probably used to making in the Smokies. You need to keep the
fly twenty feet or more away from you depending on the water. In shallow water you may need
to keep the fly thirty feet or more from you to keep from spooking the trout. Remember, the
trout will be facing you when you fish downstream.

Make sure you keep the fly on the bottom. If it is swinging up off the bottom mid depth or near
the surface, you are not going to catch many fish. Weight it down and keep it right on the
bottom. When you pick it up slightly off the bottom, the fly will swing towards the bank a few
inches. Let it get back on the bottom before you lift the rod again.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
By the way, Little Yellow Stonefly nymphs are not yellow. They are brown and usually
have a redish tint to them. "Perfect Fly" Yellow Sally Nymph