04/27/12
Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Blue-winged Olives and Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
6.    Hendricksons & Red Quills
7.    American March Browns
8.    Giant Stoneflies
9.    Light Cahills
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies (Yellow Sally)

Most available/ Other types of available food:
11.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Quick Update For the Weekend:
Looks like most of the rain is over for a while other than what could come from isolated
downpours from thunderstorms today and Saturday. For a change, the Southwest end of the
park (Tennessee side) turned out in the best shape with rainfall amounts averaging around a
half inch. Little River would be my choice for today as its watershed, so far, has received the
least amount of rain.

The rest of the park wasn't so lucky. Looks like there was enough rain to raise the Little
Pigeon and Middle Prong of Little Pigeon enough to hurt it for a day or so. The south side of
the park (North Carolina side) got the most rain with some areas getting up to an inch and a
half. It will take a full day and maybe longer to get some of the streams back into wadable
condition.  

KISS A Bug Series - Light Cahills - Part 3
Emergers
As stated in the nymph section, the Light Cahills live in the fast water runs and riffles. That's
what makes them one of the top mayflies in the streams of the Smokies. There's no shortage
of fast water runs, riffles and plunges. When the nymphs get near their hatch time and ready
to emerge, they move to more moderate or slower moving water. This is usually very near the
fast water they live in during their one year life cycle. The distance they move is usually only a
few feet. Once they are ready to hatch, they wiggle themselves to the surface to emerge in the
skim. There the nymph's wing pad splits, out come the wings and finally the body and tail.

They  can begin hatching in the early afternoon around 2:00 PM at the first of their hatch
period but the warmer it gets, the later in the day they hatch. On clear, very warm days the
hatch occurs very late, near sunset. The emerger stage of the hatch is a very short one, the
hatch lasting only about an hour under normal circumstances. As with most other mayflies, the
hatch is usually more prolific and last longer if the skies are cloudy. Once the nymphs reach
the surface, they change into a dun in a relatively short time.

Emerger imitations work best if they are presented in the current seams at the edges of the
fast water runs and riffles. That's because by the time the emerging nymphs reach the surface
of the water they are usually caught up in the current seams between the fast and the slower
water.

The best procedure is to use a short up and across presentations. Both the plain Light Cahill
Emerger and the Light Cahill Emerger with the trailing shuck should float flush with the surface
of the water. The plain emerger hangs down in an almost vertical position whereas the trailing
shuck version floats level. The plain emerger usually works best but it's more difficult to fish
because it's more difficult  to see on the water. The top of the CDC wings of both versions
should float flush with the surface of the water. Neither the trailing shuck emerger nor the plain
version should be treated with floatant like a dry fly because you want the fly to float low in the
water like the real emerging Light Cahills.

If the water is very clear, you may need to go to a light leader and tippet. Most of the time a 5X
tippet works fine. You are usually better off with a 7 and a half foot leader in the park.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh