04/21/12

Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Blue-winged Olives and Little BWOs
2.    Green Sedges (Caddisflies)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (Mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Short Horned Sedges
5.    Eastern Green Drakes (Abrams Creek)
6.    Hendricksons & Red Quills
7.    American March Browns
8.    Giant Stoneflies
9.    Light Cahills

Most available/ Other types of available food:
10.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

KISS A Bug Series - Sulphurs - Part 3
Duns

In case you didn't read the first couple of article on the Sulphurs, you should be reminded that
Sulphurs are not plentiful in the pocket water streams of the Smokies. They only exist in
relatively isolated areas of the mid to larger size streams where the current is slow. Even
though they are not nearly as plentiful as some of the clinger species of mayflies, in the
sections of the streams where they do exist, there's usually a lot of them.

Another thing I should point out is that because they exist only in isolated areas of the
Smokies, the hatches are usually over in a relatively short time. They may hatch at a different
time in another area but the hatch at any one place usually doesn't last over a week from start
to finish.

The Sulphur Duns hatch when the water and air is relatively warm. These conditions permit the
little mayflies to dry their wings relatively fast so they usually don't stay on the water very long.
They hatch in calm to moderately slow flowing water. You want find them hatching in the fast
water that's common in the streams of the Smokies. Often the
water is smooth or slick.

These duns usually hatch from early afternoon to the middle of the afternoon. The hatch can
last a rather long time, as long as a couple of hours. If it's a cloudy day, the hatch can last
even longer.

The trout will move from their normal moderate flow sections of the stream to the nearest
slower moving water to hatch. In the Smokies, you want to fish the calm water pockets and
relatively shallow water of the pools. Sometimes, by the time the dun's wings are dry enough to
fly, they get caught up in the moderate or faster flowing water but most of the time they are
able to depart the water from the slow sections they hatch in.

An upstream presentation is usually best provided you can get the fly to the trout without
spooking the trout. This often isn't exactly easy to do because of the smooth surface water
they hatch in. In those cases you should approach individual fish that are rising using a down
and across presentation. You want to trout to see the fly before they have an opportunity to
see your tippet or leader. If they see your fly line, it usually means they will reject
the fly.

A light, long leader and tippet is usually required. We recommend leaders from nine to twelve
feet in length with a tippet of size 5 or 6X.

Complex currents, or currents that change directions and speeds, are common in the small
streams of the Smokies. This can make getting a drag free drift tricky. In these cases you
should allow plenty of slack in the tippet to help prevent drag. Sometimes mending the line can
spook the trout in the calm areas of water. Slack line cast such as reach cast, pile cast and
curve cast are necessary in many cases. You must get the fly to the trout without them seeing
you.

Yesterday, I forgot to post pictures of the Perfect Fly Emerger and Emerger with a trailing
shuck, so I will do that today.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
Perfect Fly Sulphur Emerger - Click
image to enlarge
Perfect Fly Sulphur Dun - Click image
to enlarge
Perfect Fly Sulphur Emerger with a
trailing shuck - Click image to enlarge