03/24/12

Insects and other foods the trout should be eating:
Hatching:
1.    Blue-winged Ollives and Little BWOs
2.    Blue Quills
3.    Quill Gordons
4.    Little Black Caddis (
Brachycentrus)
5.    
Little Brown Stoneflies
6.    Hendricksons & Red Quills
7.    American March Browns

Most available/ Near hatching and/or other types of available food:
8.    Sculpin, Minnows (Streamers)

Update on the Weather:
So far, so good. Most of the park received between a half and three-quarters of an inch of rain
early this morning. Some areas got over an inch. Most of that is in the high elevations on the
North Carolina side of the park. It may rain some more later today but for now things are clear
and the line has moved east of the Smokies. I did check the Little Pigeon River in Pigeon Forge
this morning and it is high and a little off color but well within the banks. Much of that may have
come from outside the park. The water will be a little high today, but fishable. Be careful if you
attempt to wade any high water. The small streams would probably be your best choice.

"KISS A Bug Series" - Little Short-horned Sedges - Part 2
You will see these little caddisflies emerging on the surface at the very ends of the runs and
riffles. The best way to imitate them is to make a across stream or a down and across stream cast
and mend the line a couple of times to get the fly down. Allow the fly to swing around until it's
directly downstream of your position. At this point, stop the swing of the rod tip and just hold it up
at about a 45 degree angle. The slow to moderate current will bring the fly back to the surface.
Let the pupa imitation sit for a few seconds before you repeat the cast. Move downstream a step
or two after each cast to cover the end of the run or section of riffles.

The Little Short-horned Sedges usually hatch out of the water on rocks or the banks of the
stream. The egg laying activity provides the best opportunity to catch trout on an imitation of the
adult Little Short-horned Sedge. The female adults dive and paste their eggs on the bottom.
They return to the surface to either fly away or die on the surface. You will see this occurring at
the ends of the riffles and runs.

The egg laying activity usually occurs late in the afternoon but much earlier if the sky is overcast.
The later in the year it is, the later in the day they tend to deposit their eggs. There are usually
enough of these that you can easily spot them swirling around a few inches above the water and
hitting the surface to dive down into the water. They are so small that it is difficult to see them
drifting on the surface, especially under the low light conditions they deposit their eggs under.

You may see the flash of a trout feeding on the egg layers beneath the surface but for the most
part, you won't see the trout eating the diving caddisflies. Don't overlook the egg laying activity of
this hatch. You can catch several trout in a very short time if conditions are right.
Copyright 2012 James Marsh
Thumbnail: Click to enlarge
Thumbnail: Click to enlarge
Perfect Fly Little Short-horned Sedge
Pupa. This wet fly imitates the
emerging pupae.
Perfect Fly Little Short-horned Sedge
Adult. This dry fly imitates the adult
female egg layers. It has a foam body
and floats high on the water.