06/20/11
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Sulphurs
7.    Little Yellow Stoneflies
8.    Little Green Stoneflies
9.    Golden Stoneflies
10.  Slate Drakes
11.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
12.  Inch Worms
13.  Grasshoppers
14.  Ants
15.  Beetles

Much Needed Rain Fell
The mountains got exactly what they needed yesterday - plenty of rain. Some areas
could have used a little more and some got a little too much rain too fast, but all in
all, it was great and will help the water level situation as we move into the Summer
season which officially begins tomorrow.

We only have three USGS stations that are near enough to the park for us to know
the flows and for that reason, I keep repeating the same streams each time I refer
to levels. I mention that because it's obvious that not all anglers, especially those
that are not familiar with the Smokies, think the information is available for all the
streams. That's the only reason I keep mentioning Little River, Oconaluftee River
and Chataloochee Creek when I refer to water levels. Neither of the stations are
within the park boundaries but they are close enough to provide decent information
as to the levels.

The precipitation map shows the north end of the park received much more rain
than the south end - as much as two inches in places. It looks as if Chataloochee
Creek is high but I'm sure the levels will be back to normal in a short time. I would
guess the average amount of rain received was near an inch for yesterday but
keep in mind that came not long after some other decent rains. I'm sure the water
table is in much better shape.

This is a great time to fish the Smokies and I hope everyone has that
opportunity.

Cream Cahills
You will begin to see some new species of mayflies appearing on the streams of the
Smokies within the next few days, if they are not already hatching. They are usually
called Cream Cahills. The Light Cahills, which have been hatching during the last
month or more, will cease to hatch. Even so, most likely you will hear that the Light
Cahills are still hatching. That's because they are easily confused with the Cream
Cahills.

Several species of the
Maccaffertium genus of mayflies are called  Cream Cahills.
The
modestum and mediopunctatum species probably represent the majority of the
Cream Cahills. These are very light colored mayflies similar to the Light Cahills
(
Stenacron Interpunctatum) but different enough in appearance to require different
fly patterns. In general the duns are much lighter colored and more of a cream
color than yellow. One species found later in the higher elevations is almost pure
white. The individual species that make up the genus are all very similar and don't
differ enough to warrant different fly patterns. It is difficult to tell the difference in
some of them with the naked eye.

These are clinger nymph mayflies and like all clingers the nymphs move from their
normal fast water habit to slower moving water to hatch. One big difference in them
and the Light Cahill  and the March Browns that are in the same family, is that the
Cream Cahill species tend to hatch in a much shorter period of time. The Light
Cahills and especially, the American March Browns, hatch over a much longer
period of time and it's much more difficult to determine exactly when you may
encounter a hatch.


























2011 James Marsh