Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives
2 . Green Sedges (Caddis)
3. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4. Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5. LIght Cahills
6. Little Short-horned Sedges
7. American March Browns
8. Eastern Pale Evening Duns
10. Little Yellow Stoneflies
11. Little Green Stoneflies
12. Golden Stoneflies
13. Slate Drakes
14. Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
15. Inch Worms
Beetles - Plentiful in Great Smoky Mountains National Park
If I had to guess, I would say there are more beetles than any other category of
terrestrial insects in the park. I know the Great Smoky Mountains is a beetle
Many of you may not be aware of the fact the Firefly show that is currently going on
in the park, and the reason the road is being blocked to Elkmont Campground for
the tour buses, is put on by beetles. This particular beetle is a Photinus Carolinus
beetle. These are lightning bugs but they synchronize their flashes of light to put on
a show. There are many articles about this on the National Park's website.
Here is an interesting article on the Great Smoky Mountains National Park website
about Asian Lady Beetles.
Here is something else I find very interesting that I was unaware of. The park
released 350,000 biocontrol beetles in the park to help control the Hemlock Wooley
Adelgid. According to the article, the beetles are helping out with the problem. The
beetles were raised at UT.
Maybe I need to develop an Asian Lady Beetle imitation, a Lightning Bug beetle
imitation and a Adelgid imitation for our Perfect Fly Company.
According to the park biologist, by far the most diverse group of organisms in the
park will be the insects, and within insects the most diverse order will be the
Coleoptera, or beetles.
Trout eat beetles when they fall into the water from the banks, bushes and grass
along the banks as well as the limbs of overhanging trees. One of the most
common species found along trout streams is the Japanese Beetle. They are a
major terrestrial insect food for trout, especially during the hot summer months.
They become more important to the trout and to the angler when there are few
aquatic insect hatches. Like most of the other terrestrial insects, you may
encounter these insects up until the time it begins to frost.
There's over 28,000 species of beetles in the United States. There are aquatic
species of beetles and terrestrial (land) species of them. The aquatic variety is not
very important in most trout streams or lakes. The terrestrial variety is very
important because they can represent a good portion of the trout's food during the
late Summer and early Fall.
High wind and heavy downpours can put a lot of them in the water quickly and when
that happens, the trout may focus their attention on eating them. These beetles
come in all sizes from tiny to large sizes. We have come up with a "Perfect Fly"
Japanese Beetle fly that imitates what is probably the most common and most
important species of beetles for trout.
When a beetle falls in the water, it usually remains motionless. It tends to just ride
the surface. Maybe they go into a state of shock because the ones we have thrown
in the water always appear to just die, although we are certain they don't die quickly.
You will find Japanese Beetles crawling around on the banks, rocks, tree limbs and
leaves, grass and other vegetation near the streams in the park.
In still or slow moving water with a smooth surface, it is usually best to fish the fly to
individual fish you can spot. If you are unable to do that, then the best method is to
blind cast the fly to likely trout lies near the banks where beetles are most likely to
get blown or to fall in the water. Most often, a down or down and across
presentation works best in the slow water of the pools. .
In fast moving water with a broken surface, such as pocket water that's typical of
the Smokies, you should present the fly using a upstream or up and across
presentation. Again, concentrate on likely spots where trout could be feeding or
holding that are near the banks with trees and other vegetation nearby.
We think our Perfect Fly Japanese Beetle Fly is the best imitation of a beetle ever
developed for trout. It's one of our best selling flies and anglers that try it, swear by
it. They almost all reorder and we have a difficult time keeping them in stock.
The "Perfect Fly" Japanese Beetle comes in hook sizes 14 and 16. It's foam body
also makes it a good fly to use for adding a dropper fly. It floats very wells. The
nylon legs bend easily and return to their normal shape when bent.
2011 James Marsh