06/09/11
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9.    Sulphurs
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Little Green Stoneflies
12.  Golden Stoneflies
13.  Slate Drakes
14.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
15.  Inch Worms
16.  Grasshoppers
17.  Ants
18.  Beetles

Current Weather and Stream Conditions
Lightening knocked our satellite TV out yesterday afternoon at my home in Pigeon
Forge but not a drop of rain fell. According to the
precipitation map, there was a
little rain that fell yesterday afternoon and early evening in the Smokies. Isolated
thunderstorms helped but most of the park got about a tenth of an inch or less.
Some isolated locations got over a half inch but that probably amounts to ten
percent or less of the overall area. One area that's most likely in the Little River
drainage (shown on the map in a bright green) received between an inch and an
inch and a half of rain. That's indicated also by the
Little River flow which increased
some but is rapidly slowing back down. Another smaller area on the North Carolina
side of the park also received over an inch. About ten to twenty percent of the park
didn't receive any rain.

Please note that when I link the real time precipitation map or USGS stream flow data, it won't
necessarily match what I write if the article is read much later than the article is dated. For
example, if you read this article next week, the above links will make little sense.

Looking at the extended forecast, you will see the chances of rain increase
appreciably. Whereas the National Weather Service predictions have been based
on a twenty to thirty percent chance of rain
in the afternoons only, they are
changing the odds to cover both the afternoons and evenings for the next
few days.
That's the same odds but it's over a much longer period of time. I think,
or at least it's my hope, that this is going to amount to more rain and ease the low,
warm water situation that has been existing for the past few days.

The situation doesn't compare to the drought situation of 2007 and 2008 in
longevity but it does in intensity. The stream levels got just as low and just as warm
as it did during the drought conditions and still is in many locations. The hope is
and the odds are, the current situation won't last near as long.

As a general rule, when the water temperature gets to around 75 degrees, rainbow
trout will die within a few hours. When it gets into the high sixties, the trout's
metabolism is in high gear
but oxygen depletion causes the trout to become
lethargic
. The bottom line to this is the trout become more difficult to catch and
can die easily when they are caught in water that's too warm. I'll also mention, up to
a point, this problem isn't all that bad. It helps control the population, which in tern
helps the streams maintain a better quality size range.

Again, I think the current dire situation will come to an end within the next few days.
I'm also well aware that
if I could precisely predict the weather, I would soon be
able to bail the nation out of debt, put all crooked politicians in jail, cure cancer,
make all trout streams public and do a few other things I would be better off not  
mentioning.

Little Green Stonefly Nymphs
Little Green Stonefly (Chloroperlidae Family) nymphs live in most all of the streams
in the park. As mentioned yesterday, they are very similar to the Little Yellow
Stonefly (Perlodidae Family) species. From a fishing standpoint, the main
difference is the type of water live in. The Little Greens are found in the moderate
speed flows such as exist in most pools within the streams.

Like most other stoneflies, the “Little Green Stoneflies” crawl out of the water to
hatch. They tend to seek the nearest slower moving, calm water close to their
normal fast water habitat. It's rare you will find their shucks on banks where the
water is swift against the bank. Imitations of the nymphs are always most effective
just before and during a hatch.

I think one reason little attention is paid to the Little Green Stoneflies is that some of
the species are confused by anglers as Little Yellow Stoneflies, or Yellow Sallies.
Some of them appear more yellow than green but they are Chloroperilidae species.

As with most other stoneflies, you should imitate the nymphs migrating from their
normal habitat to the banks or rocks with adjacent slow moving water. The main
thing to remember, is to keep the imitation on the bottom. I would not use a strike
indicator. You cannot keep the nymph on the bottom using an indicator. Weight
it down and use a down and across presentation allowing the fly to swing all the
way to the bank.
























Perfect Fly Little Green Stonefly Nymph

2011 James Marsh