05/19/11
Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1.    Blue-winged Olives
2  .  Green Sedges (Caddis)
3.    Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4.    Little Sister Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
5.    LIght Cahills
6.    Little Short-horned Sedges
7.    American March Browns
8.    Eastern Pale Evening Duns
9.    Sulphurs
10.  Little Yellow Stoneflies
11.  Giant Black Stoneflies
12.  Golden Stoneflies
13.  Streamers (Sculpin, Minnows)
14.  Inch Worms

Current Weather and Stream Conditions In The Smokies
Conditions don't get any better than this

You could see a thundershower by Saturday or Sunday but it would probably be
short lived and just cool you off a little. There's only a 20% chance but that means
you shouldn't  lose your caution about lightning. If a storm gets near you, seek
shelter and put down your graphite lighting rod.

Do you want to increase your odds over using the normal trial and error, hit and
miss -  fishing good, fishing slow methods that rely mostly on luck?

If so, use imitations of the most plentiful and most available insects - that is
nymphs and larvae, or duns and adult insects depending on the time of day and
the type of water you are fishing.

From daylight to past noon, Green Rock Worms (Green Sedge Larva) and Little
Yellow Stonefly nymphs will have the highest odds in the fast water runs and riffles
or up until you see something hatching. In the slower, or more moderate sections of
water, use Eastern Pale Evening Dun (see below) or Sulphur nymphs during the
same time interval.

If and when you see a hatch taking place, switch to an emerger or a dry fly imitation
of the insect depending on whether its a mayfly dun or adult caddis or stonefly
that's hatching. Don't confuse insects that hatched on previous days with those
hatching at the time your fishing. They are of no importance unless they are on the
water depositing eggs. Fish can't eat them in the air, trees or on the banks.

The last two hours of the day, check for spinners and egg laying caddis and
stoneflies, and match what you see the most of. That most likely will be Little Yellow
stoneflies and various caddisfly egg layers. March Brown/EPED/Sulphur spinners
may fall but it will vary as the days go by and depending on the area of water you
are fishing.
As Yogi says, "you can observe a lot by looking".

Eastern Pale Evening Dun - Nymphs
The Eastern Pale Evening Dun nymphs (invaria species of the Ephemerella genus)
are crawler nymphs that prefer riffles and runs with moderate currents. You may
also find them in pockets and the heads and edges of pools. They do not live in
fast water runs and riffles. Crawler nymphs cannot handle the fast water.

When they begin to hatch, they will move from the moderate water to calmer,
shallower water a few days prior to emerging.

Weighted imitations of the nymph should be presented in a dead drift manner in
the riffles, runs and pockets that are flowing moderately, not fast. An upstream
or an up and across cast usually works best.

Although they work well anytime in the right sections of the streams, the best time to
fish the nymph is just prior to a hatch. The nymphs become careless and are only
concerned with emerging into a dun.

























This is the Perfect Fly Eastern Pale Evening Dun Nymph. Notice the EMU feathers
in the middle of the abdomen section of the fly. Those spread out and move even
when the fly is sitting still on the bottom. They imitate the larger gills of the crawler
nymphs.

2011 James Marsh