Insects and other foods the trout may be eating:
1. Blue-winged Olives
2 . Blue Quills
3. Cinnamon Caddis (mostly Abrams Creek)
4. Little Brown Stoneflies
5. Hendricksons and the Red Quills
7. Little Short-horned Sedges
8. American March Browns
Eastern Green Drakes
This is one of the largest mayflies found in the Smokies but for the most part, it's
only found in Abrams Creek. This is the Ephemera guttuata, or Eastern Green
Drake, a very large mayfly, even larger than the Western Green Drake, which by
the way, isn't even in the same family. The highlight of the Eastern Green Drake
hatch is the spinner fall.
There are a few places these large mayflies hatch just outside the park, but within
the park the spring creek section of Abrams Creek is the only place we know of
that has a hatch substantial enough to warrant much consideration. This hatch
starts near the middle of April and may already be underway.
Green Drake nymphs are burrowers that are most commonly found in slow to
moderately flowing water such as pools and pockets that have soft or silt bottoms.
They spend most of their life buried in the silt, banks or soft bottom, but molt
several times during this stage of their life. They come out of their burrows to
molt as well as at nighttime to browse for food.
Sometimes weighted nymph imitations can be fished along the bottom of the
stream very late in the day with good success. Green drake nymphs can swim
well and action can be added to imitate the up and down, swimming motion of the
nymphs. We have found that it's best to fish imitations of the nymph just prior to
the hatch taking place. They also work very good in the mornings during a hatch.
The nymphs hatch into duns throughout the day, not at any one particular time of
The "Perfect Fly" Eastern Green Drake Nymph. This is a large fly (hook sizes 8
and 10) that is weighted in the Thorax area.
2011 James Marsh